Book Two: A Criticism of the Highest Values That Have Prevailed Hitherto
I: Criticism of Religion
§143 A lot is said today about the Semitic spirit of the New Testament: but what is called Semitic is merely priestly — and in the racially purest Aryan law-book, in Manu, this kind of “Semitism,” i.e. the spirit of the priest, is worse than anywhere else.
The development of the Jewish priestly state is not original: they learned the pattern in Babylon: the pattern is Aryan. When, later on, the same thing became dominant in a Europe with a preponderance of Germanic blood, this was in accordance with the spirit of the ruling race: a great atavism. The Germanic Middle Ages aimed at a revival of the Aryan order of castes.
Mohammedanism in turn learned from Christianity: the employment of the “beyond” as an instrument of punishment.
The pattern of an unchanging community with priests at its head — this oldest of the great cultural products of Asia in the realm of organization — was bound to invite reflection and imitation in every respect. Again Plato: but above all the Egyptians.